PIH - Pregnancy induced hypertension is the commonest pregnancy related complication which triggers eclampsia and patient need treatment at higher centers for lifesaving situations.
Complications following illegally induced abortions have been recognized as an important cause of mortality and morbidity in Myanmar. Based on a review of various studies, and comparing data from the 1970s and 1980s with data since 1990, this paper presents anoverview of the problem of induced abortion in Myanmar. Maternal deaths have decreased dramatically since the 1970s in relation to pregnancy and childbirth, but remain very high for abortion complications. The causes of abortion-related deaths have changed very little. A majority of the women in all studies were married, had one or more children and belonged to low income groups. Women were aware of the risks of clandestine abortion but contraceptive prevalence in Myanmar is only 34 percent in urban areas 10 percent in rural areas, and the contraceptive failure rate among women using a method is high. Women's experience and perceptions of abortion are also described. Information and counselling as well as better access to effective contraception could help to reduce abortion-related morbidity and mortality.IN Myanmar, where the majority of the population is Buddhist, the issue ofinduced abortion is very sensitive. Buddhism contains a code of ethics based on five precepts, the first of which is to avoid killing or harming life. Induced abortion is therefore widely perceived as being against religious beliefs.
Further,abortion is also not permitted by law. The penalty for providing an induced abortion is either a three-year jail sentence or a fine,or both.