Twenty people were killed in Bamako, the capital of the former French colony, less than a week after terrorists armed with guns and suicide vests killed 130 and wounded hundreds more in a string of attacks across Paris.
One American died in the French capital. Nohemi Gonzalez was a 23-year-old design student from Long Beach, California, who also held Mexican citizenship.
In a heartfelt statement, Clinton, the leading candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, said she had known Datar as “ the loving mother of a wonderful seven-year-old boy and the former partner of David Garten, one of my senior policy advisers in the Senate”.
“My heart breaks thinking of the burden [her son] will now bear on his small shoulders and the courage he will have to show in the days ahead,” she said.
“As I said this week, America must wage and win an immediate battle against Isis, al-Qaida and other terrorist networks, as well as a generational struggle against radical jihadism.
“We face a choice between fear and resolve. Anita’s murder should deepen our resolve. American must lead the world to meet this threat.”
Secretary of State John Kerry, meanwhile, offered his “deepest condolences to the families of the deceased and injured”.
In Bamako on Friday, heavily armed attackers stormed the luxury hotel and took hostage 180 people, among them diplomats, a celebrated Guinean singer and air crew members from France and Turkey, as well as Indian and Chinese nationals.
Local and international special forces troops, including Americans, later freed most of the hostages and killed two of the assailants. On Saturday, Malian authorities said that three suspects remained on the loose.
Datar is believed to be the only US citizen to have died in the attack, from which about “a dozen” Americans were rescued, according to US State Department spokesman John Kirby.
“We are devastated that Anita is gone,” Datar’s family said in a statement. “It’s unbelievable to us that she has been killed in this senseless act of violence and terrorism.”
Datar was a senior manager at Palladium, a Washington-based international development organization for which she specialized in public health, family planning and HIV prevention.
My heart breaks thinking of the burden [her son] will bear on his small shoulders and the courage he will have to show
In a statement, Palladium said it was “deeply saddened” and added: “Ms Datar was in Mali along with two colleagues, both of whom were safely evacuated from the hotel.”
Datar worked in several countries across Africa, including Kenya and Nigeria, according to her profile, as well as several countries in South America and Asia.
“Anita was one of the kindest and most generous people we know. She loved her family and her work tremendously. Everything she did in her life she did to help others – as a mother, public health expert, daughter, sister and friend,” the family said in the statement.
“And while we are angry and saddened that she has been killed, we know that she would want to promote education and healthcare to prevent violence and poverty at home and abroad, not intolerance.”
The family added that of all of her achievements, Datar was “most proud of her son”. Her Facebook page is filled with pictures of the boy, smiling with his mother in her profile picture and posing against a clay wall in her cover photo. Datar also shared photos of her son dressing up as a storm trooper for Halloween and holding his backpack before his first day of school.
Datar was born in Massachusetts and grew up in New Jersey, where she graduated from Rutgers University in New Brunswick with a degree in psychology, according to LinkedIn. In her early 20s, Datar spent two years volunteering for the Peace Corps in Senegal, where she worked to improve rural communities’ access to public health services.
Hillary Clinton outlines her proposed policy against Isis and other terrorist groups this week. Photograph: Spencer Platt/Getty ImagesDatar later earned master’s degrees in public health and public administration from Columbia University in New York. She was also a founding board member ofTulalens, a nonprofit group aimed at improving public health education for poor women.
On Friday, President Obama condemned the Mali attack from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, calling it another example of “appalling” and “barbaric” jihadist violence against “innocent people who had everything to live for”.
“The terrorists began ruthlessly killing people and taking hostages,” Obama said. “On behalf of the American people I want to extend our deepest condolences to the people of Mali and the victims’ families, including at least one American.”
On Saturday, Obama said the Mali attack only fortified the resolve of the US and its allies to eradicate militants whose goal is to spread terror.
“We will continue to root out terrorist networks,” Obama told a meeting of business executives. “We will not allow these killers to have a safe haven.“
All able states should join the fight against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq and redouble efforts to prevent further attacks by the militant group, the United Nations security council has declared in a unanimous vote.
The 15-member council adopted a resolution on Friday that was drafted by France after a series of deadly attacks in Paris killed 130 people and were claimed by Isis.
“The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant constitutes a global and unprecedented threat to international peace and security,” said the resolution.
Isis used the chaos of Syria’s nearly five-year civil war to seize territory in Syria and Iraq, where a US-led coalition has been bombing the militants for more than a year, while Russia began airstrikes in Syria in September.
The group has recently claimed responsibility for downing a Russian passenger plane in Egypt, killing all 224 people on board, and attacks in Lebanon, Turkey and Tunisia.
The council resolution “calls upon member states that have the capacity to do so to take all necessary measures ... on the territory under the control of Isil [Isis]” It also urges states to intensify efforts to stem the flow of foreigners looking to fight with Isis in Iraq and Syria and to prevent and suppress financing of terrorism.
“Welcome to everybody who finally woke up and joined the club of combating terrorists,” Syria’s UN ambassador, Bashar Ja’afari, told reporters before the vote on the French-drafted resolution.
The British prime minister, David Cameron, who is seeking to extend Britain’s airstrikes against Isis into Syria, called the vote on the French-drafted text an “important moment”.
“The world has united against Isil [Islamic State]. The international community has come together and has resolved to defeat this evil, which threatens people of every country and every religion,” he said.
“The UN security council has unanimously backed action against this evil death cult in both Syria and Iraq … Today’s vote shows beyond doubt the breadth of international support for doing more in Syria and for decisive action to eradicate Isil.”
AdvertisementOn Wednesday, Syrian ally Russia revived its push for UN approval of international military campaigns combating Isis by circulating a slightly updated version of a draft resolution it initially submitted on 30 September.
That draft urged countries to coordinate military activities with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad’s government and has been dismissed by veto-power Britain and other members.
Russia, which views Syria as its closest Middle East ally, has been at odds with western powers over the future of Assad. Russian ambassador Vitaly Churkin said on Friday that Moscow would still press ahead with its text.
Meanwhile, Russia said Britain should cooperate in any airstrikes it carries out in Syria.
Foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova’s remarks in an interview broadcast on Saturday underline Moscow’s growing assertiveness in the region.
Britain has already launched airstrikes against Isis militants in Iraq, but Cameron wants to follow allies by extending the operation to militant positions in neighbouring Syria. The PM has said he will submit a plan to the Commons.
“Undoubtedly, [any British action] should be a matter of cooperation, so that the steps are not directed at destroying the statehood of Syria,” Zakharova told current affairs programme Vesti.
Two Australians and four Britons were among seven people believed to have been killed when a helicopter crashed at a popular New Zealand tourist site, local police said.
The aircraft went down on Saturday morning at Fox Glacier in the South Island and bad weather continued to hinder recovery attempts overnight. Police said they believed none of the seven people on board, including the pilot, survived the crash.
Recovery teams were unable to reach the wreckage, which lay in a crevasse, due to difficult terrain and poor visibility. Police added that next of kin were being notified.
Remains of the helicopter that crashed on the Fox Glacier, a popular tourist site on the West Coast of the south Island Photograph: New Zealand Police/AFP/Getty
A spokesman for the New Zealand police said: “Police believe the passengers in the helicopter crash on Fox Glacier were six foreign tourists. It is believed two were Australians and four were from the United Kingdom. Formal identification of those people will take some time.
“Police have been liaising with the embassies of the countries concerned to ensure the next of kin are advised of the situation.”
The Australian foreign minister, Julie Bishop, said: “We hold grave concerns for two Australians who were believed to have been on board and we have spoken with the families concerned. My sympathies are with the families of the crash victims at this very distressing time.”
Four rescue helicopters were sent to Fox Glacier on the remote west coast of the South Island, a New Zealand Rescue Coordination Centre spokesman said.
New Zealand plane crash kills nine
A paramedic was to be winched down to the crash site to assess the situation and a cliff rescue team was also being sent to the area. Weather conditions around the glacier were described as terrible with heavy rain and poor visibility.
Police said they were planning for a recovery operation on Sunday morning.
“It wouldn’t be a good day to be flying helicopters,” Grey district mayor Tony Kokshoorn told the New Zealand Herald. “Everything is against a rescue [mission]. It will be cold up there. And the problem is amplified by the cloud cover.
Kokshoorn said the region had seen a bumper start to the Southern Hemisphere tourist season, but that bad weather had been putting pressure on some operators.
“It can be a fine line,” he said. “Operators are doing their best to get people up there, but obviously something went badly wrong.”
Kokshoorn told AP that weather was marginal at the time of the crash, with intermittent rain showers and low cloud. “It was not ideal for helicopter flying,” he said.
He also said the glaciers have been retreating in recent years and that the only way to view them up close was by helicopter. He said operators offer different packages, and a basic trip typically involves a 10-minute flight to the top of the glacier, where tourists can walk around for about half an hour before returning.
The downed helicopter was reported to belong to a company called Alpine Adventures. The company, which is based near the glacier, confirmed its helicopter was involved in the incident, but a spokesman declined to comment further. Its website says it has been in business for about 30 years and runs “an impressive fleet of modern turbine helicopters”.
The eight-mile (13km) glacier is the longest on the west coast of the South Island, travelling from the edge of the Mount Cook national park in the Southern Alps towards the Tasman Sea coast.
The helicopter came down on the glacier, a popular spot with tourists, at about 11am on Saturday (0000 GMT).
In 2010, nine people were killed when a skydiving plane crashed at the end of the runway of Fox Glacier airport. Four were tourists and five were locals.
Airstrikes in Syria
Air strikes carried out by French jets and other forces have killed at least 33 Islamic State militants in the group’s Raqqa stronghold in Syria over the past three days, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said on Wednesday.
The Observatory also said that Islamic State members and dozens of the families of senior members had started leaving Raqqa city to relocate to Mosul in Iraq because of security concerns.
Angela Merkel has defended the decision to cancel last night’s football match between Germany and the Netherlands because of security concerns.
“I was just as sad as the millions of fans that the match was cancelled. But the security officials took a responsible decision,” the German chancellor told reporters.
“These are difficult decisions, perhaps the most difficult given the conflicting priorities of freedom and security. But yesterday it was right to decide based on security.”
Summary: St-Denis raid Paris
The raid in St-Denis is now over. Here’s all the information we have so far.
All 129 victims of the Paris attacks have now been identifiedThe French government says all 129 victims of the Paris attacks have now been identified.
About 100 families have now been able to collect their loved ones’ remains from the Institute of Forensics.
Two people have been killed
France will remain a country of movement.
Police have cancelled the friendly between Germany and Holland after the stadium in Hanover was evacuated on Tuesday when a suspicious object was found inside.
Hanover’s chief of police, Volker Kluwe, told German news agency DPA: “We have received concrete information that someone was planning to set off explosives inside the stadium.” Police spokesman Joerg Hoffmeister told The Associated Press that everyone inside had to be evacuated after the as-yet unidentified object was found.
A concert venue in the city, the TUI-Arena, was also reported to have been evacuated ahead of performance by the Söhne Mannheims musical group.
The Hanover mayor, Stefan Schostok “Safety is paramount. This is a fear you will always have. I trust the police have made the right decision. If a threat situation exists, then those steps must be taken.”
Read moreAnnouncements at the stadium in northern Germany advised people to go home in a calm manner, and that there was no danger to fear. Most fans were still waiting outside when the order to evacuate came about an hour and a half before kick-off. A statement later said fans should leave “quickly, but should go without panic back home. Please go in small groups back home, it’s better this way.”
Police said in a brief statement that: “The visitors, who were already in the stadium at that time, were asked to leave the stadium without panicking.”
There were no signs of panic, with most fans seemingly accepting the decision with resignation. The German team bus was redirected to a “safe place”after the match was called off according a German FA press officer
Up to 30,000 foreign fighters from as many as 100 countries have travelled to Syria and Iraq since 2011, according to an independent analysis.
Half came from neighbouring countries and north Africa, and a quarter from Europe and Turkey, says the Global Terrorism Index, drawn up by the Institute for Economics and Peace thinktank.
The flow of foreign fighters does not appear to be diminishing, with more than 7,000 arriving in the first six months of 2015.
Terrorism claimed the lives of 32,658 people last year, an 80% increase on 2013, it says. It calculates that the total economic cost amounted to an all-time high of $52.9bn (£34.8bn) last year.
Isis and Boko Haram were together responsible for 51% of all claimed terror-related fatalities in 2014, the analysis finds. Iraq continued to be the country most affected by terrorism, with 9,929 fatalities, the highest ever recorded in a single country.
It’s vital at a time of such tragedy and outrage not to be drawn into responses which feed a cycle of violence and hatred. President Obama has said Isis grew out of our invasion of Iraq and it’s one of its unintended consequences. Will you consider this as one of the very careful responses that President Obama has made recently on this matter?
The anecdotal research is that migrants coming into the EU from outside, as we have recently seen, and migrants within the EU, are extraordinarily well informed about the systems operating in different countries and how they will be able to interact with them - and will make calculations about their own net position at the end of the week or the month.
I think it would be counter-intuitive to suggest that removing an average of around £6/700 a month of benefits from the pay packet would not be a factor in people’s calculation when they look at possibly higher wages in a country like Germany but less generous in-work benefits.
Police have begun questioning the relatives of the first gunman to be identified after a wave of suicide bombings and shootings in Paris left 129 people dead, French media reported as the investigation into the attacks widened to take in three other European countries.
The father and brother of Omar Ismaïl Mostefai, one of the seven jihadis killed in the deadliest attacks on French soil since the second world war, were among those being held, a judicial source confirmed.
Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the assaults on the Stade de France stadium, a packed Paris concert hall and a string of city-centre cafes and restaurants that killed 129 people and left 352 injured, 99 of them in a critical condition.
French prosecutors said three coordinated teams, identically armed with Kalashnikov automatic rifles and suicide vests, carried out the assaults using two cars registered in Belgium, where six people – including three French nationals, one allegedly involved in the attacks – were arrested on Saturday.
Announcing three days of national mourning and a national state of emergency, President François Hollande called the coordinated assault – “prepared, organised and planned overseas, with help from inside” – an “act of war” that must be countered “mercilessly”.
Notre Dame Cathedral, closed except for services, will celebrate a special commemorative mass on Sunday evening for the victims, who came from 15 different countries, their families and survivors. Major sites including the Louvre museum and the Eiffel tower were also closed to visitors.
Mostefai, 29, was identified by his severed finger, which was found among the wreckage of the Bataclan concert hall, where three militants blew themselves up in the first suicide bombings on French soil late on Friday as security forces stormed the building.
At least 89 people died at the popular rock venue in the deadliest of six separate attacks, Europe’s worst since the 1994 Madrid bombings, which left 191 people dead.
Mostefai had a record of convictions for eight petty crimes dating from 2004, but was flagged as a potential target for radicalisation as early as 2010. Some reports suggested he may have visited Syria last year, although prosecutors said he had no known link to a terrorist network.
AdvertisementHis father and 34-year-old brother were detained on Saturday and their homes searched, poice said. “It’s a crazy thing, it’s madness,” his brother told AFP before he was taken into custody, adding that he had cut ties with Mostefai several years ago.
Homes and other addresses were being searched in the Aube region, in Essonne, south of Paris, where Mostefai was born in the town of Courcouronnes, and Eure-et-Loire, where he had attended a mosque in Lucé, close to Chartres. A French MP, Jean-Pierre Georges, said the attacker lived in Chartres until 2012.
Meanwhile, the investigation was widening across Europe, with Belgian police making a number of arrests and German authorities looking into a possible link to a 51-year-old Montenegrin man recently stopped with a car full of arms and explosives.
Three men were arrested in the Brussels suburb of Molenbeek, a hotbed of radicalism in the country that proportionately supplied more fighters for Isis than any other in Europe. Three more were arrested on the French-Belgian border in a car seen at the scene of the shootings. Another Belgian-registered car used in the attacks was found in the eastern Paris suburb of Montreuil.
The Bavarian interior minister, Joachim Herrmann, said officers found automatic weapons, dynamite, hand grenades and ammunition in the Montenegrin man’s car, along with a mobile phone and car GPS system indicating he was en route to Paris
A Syrian passport found near the body of one of the attackers was identified by Greek authorities as having been recorded passing through the island of Leros, a transit point this summer for thousands of refugees and migrants entering Europe, in early October.
Greece denied earlier reports, however, that a second attacker had also accessed Europe via the country. An official also stressed there was as yet no evidence linking the attacker to the passport, which could have changed hands before the attacks or even be false.
The attacks prompted international outrage, with Barack Obama describing “an attack on all of humanity” and Pope Francis saying he was shaken by the “inhuman” atrocities. David Cameron said they suggested “a new degree of planning and coordination and a greater ambition for mass casualty attacks”.
The Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, however, said France’s foreign policy had plainly “brought no good to the French people” and that Hollande should now “act in the interest of the French people – which means changing his policies”.
The attacks came as France was preparing amid high security for the a global climate conference next month, to be attended by world leaders, and barely 10 months after the deadly shootings at the offices of the Charlie Hebdo satirical magazine and a Jewish supermarket in Paris that left 20 people dead.
Isis claimed responsibility for the attacks in a statement released online on Saturday, blaming France’s participation in US-led airstrikes against its forces and positions in Syria.
France “remains the main target of Islamic State … for having led the crusade, dared to insult our prophet, boasted of fighting Islam in France and for striking Muslims in the caliphate with their planes”, the group said in a statement.
Three of the suicide bombers blew themselves up outside the Stade de France after apparently trying to enter the national stadium where 80,000 people – including Hollande, who had to be evacuated – were watching a France-Germany football friendly.
Two more attackers detonated their explosive vests at the Bataclan, where a third was killed by police bullets. The seventh jihadi blew himself up not far from the venue.
A number of restaurants and cafes, their terraces packed on a mild November evening, were targeted by the gunmen: 12 victims lost their lives at a Cambodian restaurant near the Canal St Martin, while 19 more were killed at another eatery on the nearby Rue de Charonne.
Following a Democratic television debate on Saturday that was dominated by calls for a tougher response to Islamic State radicals, leading Republicans joined the fray on Sunday in a series of political interviews that also saw linked attacks on immigration and calls for more intelligence surveillance.
“This is clearly an act of war and an attack on one of our Nato allies, and we should invoke Article 5 of the Nato agreement, and bring everyone together to put together a coalition to confront this challenge,” Senator Marco Rubio said on ABC.
He was joined by his Florida rival Jeb Bush, who also demanded the US lead a new war to “eradicate Isis from the face of the earth” and warned that screening of Muslim refugees from Syria was unlikely to be fully effective in preventing terrorist infiltration of the US.
[...]“We should focus our efforts as it relates to refugees on the Christians that are being slaughtered,” he added, suggesting that specific efforts should take place to determine individuals’ religion before refugees were admitted into the US.
More on US political reaction here.
Meanwhile, the governor of Michigan Rick Snyder is putting efforts to accept Syrian refugees on hold following the deadly attacks in Paris, until federal officials fully review security clearances and procedures.
Snyder has said though Michigan is “proud of our rich history of immigration”, the state’s “priority is protecting the safety of our residents.” Several Republican presidential candidates have criticized the Obama administration’s plans to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees and urge much greater scrutiny.
The state of emergency was first declared in France in 1961, at the height of the Algerian war. It was most recently used in 2005 during the three-week long riots which spread from the Paris suburbs across high-rise estates throughout France.
Hollande’s declaration was a significant step for France, because of the law’s ugly origins. When the Algerian people rose up in October 1954 in its war for independence (the country had been a French colony), it was treated as a civil war by French authorities. This led to the creation of a law in 1955 to create a state of emergency. Most of the times it was used were during the seven years of that war.
Some of the conditions of the current state of emergency:
Paris Attack - Latest development
A 23-year-old student who had been studying in Paris for a semester is confirmed to have died in Friday’s terror attacks in the city. Nohemi Gonzalez, who was attending California State University in Long Beach, had gone abroad to study design at the Strate College of Design in the French capital when she was shot outside of a cafe. At least 129 people died in the Paris attacks, with up to 352 people wounded
In the hours after the attacks in Paris, French police did in fact stop Salah Abdeslam and two other men close to the border with Belgium – but then allowed them to go on their way.
Abdeslam and two men he was travelling with in a Volkswagen Golf were pulled over by police in a routine check near the French-Belgian border early on Saturday morning, police said.
They were allowed to continue their journey because their names were not yet on any wanted list.
It later emerged that Salah Abdeslam was the man who rented a Belgian-registered VW Polo that was parked outside the Bataclan concert hall where 89 people died.
It also transpired that one of his brothers, Ibrahim Abdeslam, also reported as Brahim Abdeslam, 31, blew himself up in the attack at the Comptoir Voltaire. Another Abdeslam brother, as yet unnamed by authorities, has been arrested in Belgium.
Jean Charles Brisard, who is Chairman of the Centre for Analysis of Terrorism in Paris, told the BBC he believes there are 3,800 radicalised individuals in France.
In addition to this we have two thousand French citizens or residents that are, were involved in jihadi networks in Syria and in Iraq, whether they've been staying in France as sympathisers or travelled abroad as jihadists. Six hundred of our citizens are currently fighting in Syria and Iraq and it's the largest European contingent of foreign fighters on the ground.
Very soon attention will turn to the question of whether David Cameron and his ministers' arms will be strengthened by the events in Paris on Friday as they formulate policy to confront and take on extremism both in Syria and in this country."
The president urged people to stay indoors. Not everyone heeded his call, however. At the Georges Pompidou hospital, for example, a long queue of people snaked around the vast foyer. “They are waiting to give blood,” said Dr Philippe Juvin, head of emergency services at the hospital. “They have just come without being asked, spontaneously. They face a three-hour wait, so we will ask some of them who can come back tomorrow to do so.”
Hundreds of Parisians queue outside a branch of the French blood institute, eager to donate in order to aid victims of Friday’s terror attacks across the city. One donor, 29-year-old William Haddad, who lives near Le Carillon bistro, where 14 people were gunned down on Friday, said: “I am in good shape and so I can give blood. It’s the least I can do to help. We have to help, to have this sense of belonging.”
For his part, Juvin looked exhausted, having worked throughout the night, grabbing two hours’ sleep after dawn still wearing his creased white coat. On Friday night the hospital went into “Plan White”, he said. “It was very rapid, a call, the ambulances, then we had 50 to 60 people with gunshot wounds arriving. I have never experienced anything like it, but we are coping. We have been training for something like this. The response was astonishing. Doctors from all over this area turned up to offer help.
“We had two doctors from Brittany who arrived in the night. The nurses who had been on day duty came back, and even ex-students of the teaching hospital turned up. The operating theatres have been doing back-to-back operations all night and still are today. We sent the walking wounded home and told them to come back today or tomorrow but we used every bed we had: in geriatrics, in [the] children’s [department]. If there was a bed, we used it. This is an exceptional situation but we are an exceptional people. I am very proud of my team.”
In reception, a woman was sobbing, having heard that her boyfriend had suffered devastating abdominal injuries. “My love. Why did this happen?” she screamed, as her parents tried to wrap their arms round her. A nurse stood by in tears.
“We are very aware that many will be in trauma,” added Juvin. “We had a psychiatrist here last night and another will come later today. We have to treat both the physical and the psychological injuries.” On Saturday afternoon Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo, announced that she had opened a psychological support group for Parisians in the 11th arrondissement.
Parisians light candles and lay tributes on the monument at the Place de la République. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty ImagesThe trauma was felt even by those not directly caught up in the attacks. Lucille Simon, 24, had to stay at a friend’s house because her apartment was near the Bataclan concert venue and was sealed off. “I am terrified. You don’t feel safe any more in Paris. I like living here. Even after Charlie Hebdo things returned to normal, but I’m starting to wonder maybe I should move. I’m frightened to go out in the street alone.”
The uneasy atmosphere in Paris was felt particularly keenly by young Muslims. One group gathered in a Tunisian-run cafe. They were mourning the dead, but also feared that their community would be blamed for Friday’s carnage. “I am worried some French people will think Islam did this, that all Muslims are terrorists,” said Kaber Bouchoucha, 24, who works in a market to support himself through his part-time studies in fine art and design. “Already people in France look at us badly. There already is racism and this will make it worse.”
Sofiane, a 30-year-old ambulance driver, has lived in France since he was eight years old and has a Christian wife. He feared the attacks would be exploited by racist groups. “There are plenty of French people who don’t discriminate, who see everyone just as humans. But there are some who understand nothing. I am well integrated, with lots of French friends, but I am worried about the impact on Muslims overall.”
As the horror of the attacks emerged, residents of eastern Paris used social media not just to listen to news and express emotion, but to offer help. The hashtag #PorteOuverte (open door) was quickly up and running on Twitter, with residents in the affected areas offering shelter to anyone who had been cleared from the streets and had nowhere to stay. Some just posted their addresses, while others asked Twitter users to contact them.
The ad hoc system seemed to work: “My friends are safe, in a random woman’s home. She’s making them dinner, & preparing beds. Blessed. #PorteOuverte,” posted one relieved woman. Soon the hashtag was trending globally alongside #PriezPourParis, #Solidarite and simply #Paris. Facebook was soon offering some comfort by marking all friends in Paris locations “safe” as they checked into their pages.
As the day progressed, more rallying signs appeared across the city. Locals put up a homemade poster saying “I am human” at the base of the Marianne statue, the symbol of the French republic, in Place de la République. “We aren’t activists, just Parisians,” they told reporters.
Local authorities announced that all amenities including schools, museums, libraries, gyms, swimming pools and markets would remain closed at the weekend. A service of mourning was being planned at Notre Dame.
The situation was summed up by Mandy Gilman, a New Yorker who has lived in the city for 26 years. “It is morose. But we have a spirit of calm in such times and Parisians will never be defeated by this. I still feel safer in Paris than in New York. This is the world we live in now.”
It’s crazy, insane. I was in Paris myself last night, I saw what a mess it was.
Investigators in France, Belgium, Greece and Germany are involved in efforts to identify the attackers and their network.
One has been identified in French media as Ismaïl Omar Mostefai, a 29-year-old Frenchman from the southern Paris suburb of Courcouronnes. He was reportedly identified from police fingerprint records as one of the attackers who blew themselves up at the Bataclan music venue.
Members of his family, including his father and brother, have been detained by police while their homes are searched.
Three other French nationals have been arrested in Belgium, where they all lived, in connection with the attacks.
Mostefai had been flagged as being close to radical Islam, but had never been linked to terrorism.
Paris police said the attackers appeared to be “seasoned, at first sight, and well trained” and were investigating whether they had ever been to fight in Syria.
President François Hollande said the attacks had been “prepared, organised and planned overseas, with help from inside [France]”.
Attacker named as Ismaïl Omar MostefaiOne of the attackers has been named in French media as Ismaïl Omar Mostefai.
The 29-year-old Frenchman was identified from a finger found at the site of the Bataclan massacre, Agence France-Presse reports.
This apparently matched fingerprints on police files. Mostefai had a criminal record, but reportedly had not served time in jail.
The brother and father of Mostefai have been taken into police custody, and their homes have been searched.
Mostefai’s older brother reportedly told AFP before going to the police station that he had not had contact with his younger brother for several years:
It’s crazy, insane. I was in Paris myself last night, I saw what a mess it was.