In the wake of the tragic events that have unfolded in Paris, France, Europ Assistance is continuing to closely monitor the situation and is fielding calls from our concerned customers. We encourage our customers to access their member portal for real-time security updates and alerts and to contact us 24/7 using the numbers provided in their program materials or online if they are in need of assistance or have any inquiries.
Below are a list of tips and resources that focus on pre-travel preparation, security and medical issues to assist travelers who may be traveling in or around the affected areas.
Pre-Travel Preparation Tips
A patient who was transported following an accident with Spinal cord injury underwent extensive Electrostimulation treatment to recover completely over a period of one year.
Yes - the results can vary - however significant recovery is possible says director at Hi Flying.
DailyTech reports that researchers are exploring an exciting area of study related to the effects of electrical stimulation to the lower spine. The therapeutic goal of these experiments, according toDailyTech, is to give paralyzed patients the ability to walk again.
However, there have been complaints from those involved in the experiments that the FDA is holding them up with red tape. Perhaps it’s at least understandable that the FDA is a little leery about allowing human patients to be implanted with new devices and charged with electricity without going through the usual long, rigorous application and testing processes that comes to mind whenever we think of government agencies with three letters in their names.
But watching from the outside and at face value, and with the number of people in the world who suffer from paralysis and/or spinal injuries and could possibly be treated with something as “simple” and ubiquitous as electricity… Well, it’s hard not to immediately sympathize with the researchers.
Just about everyone probably encounters some form of back injury or pain at some point in their life — physicians see it all the time, paramedics and Air Medical Crewmembers take note of it before they transport a patient — and yet, it seems that many people (including myself) don’t actually know much about spinal injuries, back injuries, or back pain at all.
Many instances of back pain occur with muscle spasms, inflammation of soft tissue, or arthritis. Additionally, “wear and tear” to the spine from car accidents, old traumas, sports, and obesity can also cause spinal discs to lose their cushioning ability, bulge, or protrude backwards. Herniations, spinal injuries, and other more serious conditions may or may not require surgery, though spinal disc herniation does not require surgery in the majority of cases. However, in some cases (such as herniation with high neurological deficit) surgery may be considered a “last resort” when non-invasive treatments fail.
In the case of a severe spinal cord injury (SCI) resulting in paralysis, rehabilitation with the goal of very slowly repairing the damage, through a variety of methods in an individual rehabilitation regimen recommended by medical professionals.
Electrical stimulation could — and that’s a big could — be a missing piece to the puzzle of how to get some SCI patients walking again.
The Non-Invasive Future of Paralysis / Spinal Injury Treatment
We all prefer more non-invasive or minimally-invasive surgery to the alternative. As surgical technology advances, the ratio of invasive to less invasive surgeries will naturally (most likely) change more in favor of non-invasive procedures, like electrostimulation.
If there’s even a chance that electrostimulation to the lower spine could restore the ability to walk (and there’s a lot of evidence that it’s a possibility) then the slowing of the experimental stages in this relatively new field is disheartening to say the least. However, one can certainly see both sides’ point of view on this issue.
We’re not saying either side is right, or wrong. As always, we’re just optimistic that these researchers are on the right track to an incredible breakthrough.
More information of patient transportation with Accidents and spinal cord injury.
Its understandable: an often very ill or critically injured patient is directly involved (more accurately, “physically present”) in the transport process.
But organ transport flights can be have just as direct and crucial an effect on saving a patient’s life. Remember the story from 2010, about the air ambulance pilot who, together with EMS workers, heroically entered a crashed, flaming jet to cut the fuel line and save a liver which, miraculously, was undamaged?
To be sure, sensitive medical shipments don’t always require an air ambulance team to deliver them — far from it. Medical courier services are often contracted to deliver all types of medical paraphrenalia, from labs, blood banks, pharmacies, and so on. But the reason organs are so often transported by aircraft makes perfect sense.
At any given time in this country, there are tens of thousands of Americans in urgent need of organs from donors. When a match between a patient and an organ donor is made, it’s crucial that the newly donated organ be moved as quickly and safely as possible. If you’re in the medical field (as you most likely are if you’re reading this) you already know that organs can only remain healthy for a very short period of time following their recovery from a donor.
According to Medical director at HI Flying, 75% of organs go to local patients after their recovery. Still, the meaning of “local” in relation to a transport can vary, and if you’ve ever tried transporting something from one end of Austin to the other by ground at 8 in the morning, it’s easy to see why air medical services can easily fill a lifesaving role even in local organ transports.
Air medical services coordinate with medical facilities to expertly transport delicate organs from the donor’s location to the hospital where the transplant will be performed (which can often be far away from the patient’s home).
Just as in the case of transporting a living, breathing patient, the experienced, highly-trained air medical staff as well as the advanced medical equipment found on-board the best air ambulances are absolutely crucial to ensuring that an organ arrives in perfect condition. And that can be equally as lifesaving for a patient in need as picking him up at sea, if a little less visually spectacular.
Request for Organ Transportation at www.vibha.info
In a recent UK story that is now receiving a lot of attention here in the States — a plane carrying a donor organ crashed and burst into flames while attempting to land on the tarmac at Birmingham International Airport in thick London-like fog.
The organ — a liver — was being carried from Belfast on board a small twin-engined Cessna 501 “Citation” which clipped an antenna as the pilot tried to land at the end of the obscured runway. According to witnesses, the plane partially missed the tarmac and caught on fire in mid-air, becoming a fireball as it hit the ground.
A pilot from an air ambulance helicopter nearby ran to the wreckage, bravely entered the burning wreckage and turned off the fuel line, with the 58-year old pilot and a crewmember in his 30′s trapped inside.
Because of the air ambulance pilot’s quick thinking in cutting the fuel supply, he and other EMS workers were able to save the liver and rescue the crew before the plane exploded.
Paramedics treated the survivors, who were airlifted to the hospital as firefighters covered the burning wreckage in foam. The liver was transported by police escort to Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham. A spokeswoman for QEHB later announced that the liver transplant was “successful.”
She added “The transplant team would like to thank the pilot of the light aircraft and his colleague for their bravery. Our thoughts are with the individuals and their families. The team would also like to thank the quick-thinking of the fire and rescue teams at the scene who saved the organ.”
Birmingham International Airport was closed following the crash, leaving thousands stranded as experts from England’s AAIB (Air Accidents Investigation Branch) examined the site of the crash landing. The Cessna pilot was said to be in serious but stable condition after suffering chest, abdomen, and pelvic injuries. A second crew member was treated for flash burns and a back injury.
Due to patient confidentiality, no details about the organ transplant are available other than the fact that the liver was undamaged and successfully transplanted in the now-stable recipient, who was reportedly conversing, eating, and drinking normally the morning following the operation. The patient had been among the sickest patients on the liver transplant list, and would certainly have died within days without a transplant.
More information on Liver Transplant
A patient critical in Raipur India was air lifted to Singapore General hospital following a heart condition where the patient needed an emergency heart surgery.
The patient at the time of pickup was very critical and was on inotrope support and ventilator when the team of HI Flying consisting of a qualified doctor and a nurse took the patient on life support.
"Acute coronary syndrome is a clinical condition that encompasses non ST elevation myocardial infarctions, ST elevation myocardial infarctions and unstable angina, and requires immediate care. Cardiogenic shock is a complication of ACS that carries a high mortality, and warrants emergency management." says the Medical Director of HI Flying - Dr N Yende.
However the patient was very well handled by the team at Hi Flying taking utmost care for a safe transportation to the higher center where the patient is undergoing treatment said one of the Medical coordinators at the Mumbai office of Hi Flying.
We took care of everything from the ground transport to the admission formalities at Singapore.
More information on Air Ambulance Raipur.
Flying NICU concept
Depending on the air ambulance, the mother and/or father may be able to accompany the child on the flight. This might not always be possible due to various constraints (all having to do with the best interests of the patient), but parental accompaniment is generally encouraged by air medical staff when at all possible. Besides facilitating the unique bond between parent and child, the medical crew is then able to keep mom and/or dad updated on each stage of the transport whenever it’s possible to do so.
A ride on an air ambulance is generally faster, smoother and more comfortable than a ground ambulance travelling over a great distance. Air ambulances can also reach facilities it is not feasible or possible to reach by road.
Every flight conducted by an air medical service has the aircraft specifically outfitted and staffed with appropriate specialists and tools to suit the patient’s individual needs. The focus of air medical teams revolve around providing the best quality care to the patient and arriving at the destination safely. This combination means your child is in the best possible hands when they’re in the “flying NICU.”
Pediatric Air Ambulance
An air ambulance that specializes in neonatal intensive care has all the equipment and trained professionals needed to become a vertiable “NICU in the sky” during the transport.
The child will be receiving continuous monitoring and care by experts throughout the trip, however long it may be. In most cases, there will be multiple medical personnel on the aircraft to monitor and provide treatment when needed.
Air ambulances can carry ventilators, oxygen, cardiac monitoring and treatment devices, IVs, and other specialized equipment and tools to handle emergencies. Some of the more advanced equipment on air ambulances isn’t available on traditional ground ambulances; they are truly high-tech flying machines: NICUs in the sky that are able to focus on just one patient at a time.
HI Flying does Pediatric patient transportation for various illness which needs transportation of babies to higher center.
In the month of december, Hi Flying carried out transportation from Dubai to Chennai for heart transplant and a baby from Abu dhabi to Taiwan for Liver Transplant.
All arrangement including bed side to bed side transportation of patients, booking of hospital beds, arrangement of travel of parents, ground transportation of babies, air transportation of medical equipments were taken care by the services.
More information on Pediatric Air Ambulance flights - www.vibha.info
"Driverless Ambulance is the thing of the future - but it is possible" says Medical director of HI Flying - Air Ambulance International during his talk on Air Ambulance on presentation of The Future of Air and Ground Ambulance.
Driverless cars have been in the headlines ever since Google began road testing the vehicles back in 2012. Since then, Nevada, California, Florida, Michigan and Washington DC have enacted laws governing the testing and selling of autonomous vehicles, which Google plans to bring to the market by 2020. But no one really knows when driverless cars will become commonplace.
“Some say it’s going to happen next year, then you see others say that there’s no way you’re going to have it in 10 years,”
But the partial automation of cars, such as with adaptive cruise control, is already underway. Bayen expects automation will progress in stages: first there might be automated buses with their own lanes – an automated bus developed by University of California at Berkeley researchers was tested in Eugene, Oregon, in 2014 – then perhaps platoons of trucks in ports or mining towns: essentially, vehicles that are connected electronically and travel in single file.
The idea of a fully automated transportation system is intriguing because it has the potential to improve safety by removing human error and increase the efficiency of car owners, who can get on with other tasks during a long commute.
"This is all the more important in case of a Ground Ambulance transporting a critical patient. There is no room for error and time is of essence." as commented by dr nitin yende. However it may take time. The average life of a ground ambulance is 5 - 10 years and it may take some time to adapt to the new technology when it arrives!
It can also help reduce carbon emissions and traffic congestion and allow more people access to cars, including sight impaired or other disabled persons. But even if driverless technology were ready to hit the roads now, it would take a long time to get fully automated given the average age of cars on the road is 11.5 years old, according to a July IHS survey.
“We’re gradually moving in that direction; it will creep up on us,” said Brian Taylor, director of UCLA’s Institute for Transportation Studies. “What we’re seeing is technology assisting the driver more and more.”
More information on Air and Ground Ambulance Asia - www.vibha.info
All flights into and out of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, have been cancelled following floods at the airport.
Airport director Deepak Shastri said floodwaters at the airport had reached the undercarriage of aircraft.
He was quoted as saying that flights would be unable to take off till the water level recedes.
Meanwhile, army and navy personnel were deployed early today in low-lying areas of Chennai where thousands of people are reportedly stranded in their homes due to the worsening floods.
The authorities have intensified search and rescue operations.
According to officials, schools and colleges were forced to shut down and these premises were being used as relief centres.
Domestic and inter-state train services were crippled after water flooded rail tracks.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi contacted Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J.
Jayalalithaa late last night and assured her of central government assistance.
"Spoke to Jayalalithaa Ji on the flood situation in parts of Tamil Nadu.
Assured all possible support and cooperation in this unfortunate hour", tweeted the prime minister.
Chennai was hit by major floods two weeks ago. The Indian Meteorological Department reported that on Nov 16 the city received about 23.5 cm of rainfall compared to the highest rainfall of 14 cm recorded on Nov 7, 2005.
Nearly 120 people were killed during the first wave of the floods.
The meteorological department has forecast that Chennai and other coastal cities in Tamil Nadu were expected to receive heavy rain over the next four days. - Bernama
For more information on charter flights to Chennai.
A massive relief operation by the Indian Army and Navy is underway in Chennai, which has been hit by severe torrential rains since last night. The downpour has triggered a deluge in the city, its suburbs and Puducherry, disrupting normal life. PM Modi has assured full support to the state as defence personnel step up rescue ops on war footing. Following are the details of the rescue efforts as listed by Indian Navy's press release:
Three flood relief teams deputed as follows:-
One team comprising 20 sailors (five divers and 15 good swimmers) with Gemini and associated gears deployed on December 1 to Gandhi Nagar near Adyar bridge. Team returned on December 2, hours after rescuing 15 stranded personnel.
(ii) Team two consisting of one officer 16 sailors (four divers and 12 good swimmers) two Geminis and 250 food packets deputed 2 December to RDO Office, Tambaram upon State Governments request. Team directed to report to Secretary Tourism designated as Monitoring Officer.
(iii) Team three from Rajali consisiting of two officers 50 sailors and 200 packets deployed 2 December to RDO Tambaram office for central flood relief Operation thereafter.
(iv) Additional boats being deployed to RDO office Tambaram for use by Rajali flood relief team.
Rajali Parundu and ships put on standby for Helo/RPA sorties and deployment of boats/portable De-flooding pumps.
INS Chetlat on Palkbay patrol responded to distress call to rescue missing fishing vessel on 1 Dec . Fishing vessel detected at 2210 hours with total loss of propulsion and power generation. Fishing vessel towed to Rameswaram and arrived jetty on 2 December at 0145 hours.
NCC Puducherry put on standby for providing boats for flood relief. Preliminary reports from Puducherry NCC indicate no flood situation being monitored.
Shelter for housing 100 needy personnel kept ready at INS Adyar.
Medical team kept standby for deputing at short notice.
Fresh rains in the southern Indian city of Chennai have caused serious flooding, with flights and trains suspended and hundreds of people without power.
The army has been deployed to rescue thousands of stranded people after two days of heavy rains.
At least 188 people are now known to have died in floods in Tamil Nadu state since last month.
A depression in the Bay of Bengal has triggered rains in coastal areas.
Last month, non-stop rain for nearly a week brought the city to a standstill.
Two days of fresh rains have again led to massive flooding, so much so that flights from the city's airport have been indefinitely suspended after flood waters entered the runway and tarmac areas on Tuesday evening.
Reports say some 400 passengers are stranded at the airport, and all flights have been cancelled.
More than a dozen trains have also been cancelled after flood waters inundated the tracks
The army and The National Disaster Response Force have been deployed in the city's worst-affected southern suburbs to rescue people stranded in their flooded properties.
HI Flying - Air Ambulance International has 2 fixed wing aircrafts - a Pilatus PC 12 and Kingair B 200 standby to evacuation any patients on domestic sectors to Mumbai Bangalore Pune Kolkata or New Delhi.
For International patient transportation - a Learjet 60 is available for transportation.
Reports say that power supply has been suspended in nearly 60% of the city's neighbourhoods.
Most of the main streets are waterlogged and schools were closed for the 17th day since November, reports say. Schools and colleges have been shut in six districts due to the rains.
Patients have been evacuated from a government hospital in the Tambaram area after flood waters entered the building.
Residents have taken to social media to offer accommodation, food and mobile phone recharges to citizens who are being forced to evacuate their properties.
"We only saw rains like this some 25-30 years ago when there was no electricity for almost a week. It has been raining since Monday night and there has been no respite. Everywhere you look, there is two to three feet of water,'' Ashok Modi, a resident of Sowcarpet area told BBC Hindi's Imran Qureshi.
All the reservoirs around Chennai are full and the rivers are flooded with the excess waters released from the reservoirs, says the BBC Tamil's Muralitharan in Chennai.
Thousands of people who were living on the banks of these rivers have been moved to temporary shelters.
The meteorological office says "scattered to heavy" rains are expected to continue for the next three days.
VFR chart is important for Air Ambulance charter flights on Learjets Hawkers and Gulfstreams.
VFR terminal area chartAn aeronautical chart (using a scale of 1:250 000) that depicts terminal control area (TCA) airspace, which provides for the control or segregation of all aircraft within the TCA. The chart depicts topographic information and aeronautical information, which includes visual and radio aids to navigation, airports, controlled airspace, restricted areas, obstacles, and related data.
Berlin Air Ambulance Flight doctors for transportation in commercial and charter flights to UK, EU countries and United states.
The Berlin Brandenburg Airport is an international airport which is under construction and is located 18 km (11 mi) to the south of central Berlin, on the border between the states of Berlin and Brandenburg. It will be named after the former Berlin Mayor and German Chancellor Willy Brandt.
After several delays, it will likely open in October 2013 according to newspapers articles in the beginning of September 2012. The construction costs are estimated at 4.2 billion euros and the new airport will replace three airports in Berlin.
Beijing China Air Ambulance services - Commercial and Charter flight evac
Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport serving Beijing. Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. As of 2012, Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger.
Air Ambulance flights from Incheon airport to Singapore Europe and United states
Incheon International Airport is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul National Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2012 by Business Traveler.
Worldwide transportation of patients from Hong Kong.
Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong. It is located on the island of Chek Lap Kok, which largely comprises land reclaimed for the construction of the airport itself. The airport is also colloquially known as Chek Lap Kok Airport, to distinguish it from its predecessor, the closed Kai Tak Airport. HKIA is an important contributor to Hong Kong's economy, with approximately 65,000 employees. More than 100 airlines operate flights from the airport to over 180 cities across the globe.
Amsterdam Schiphol AirportAmsterdam Airport Schiphol is the main international airport of the Netherlands, located 20 minutes southwest of Amsterdam. Schiphol is an important European airport, ranking as Europe's 4th busiest and the world's 16th busiest by total passenger traffic in 2012 (14th in 2011). It also ranks as the world's 5th busiest by international passenger traffic and the world's 17th busiest for cargo tonnage.
Traveling the world in an Air Ambulance flight.
Singapore Changi AirportChangi International Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the main airport in Singapore. The airport, operated by the Changi Airport Group, is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Scoot, Tigerair, Jetstar Asia Airways, and Valuair. Changi Airport has three passenger terminals with a total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers. Changi Airport has three passenger terminals with a total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers.
Travel to any International destinations in the world by Air Ambulance International - HI Flying and medical team
Billions of people suffer poverty, deprivation and inequality around the world causing major crises of peace, security and environmental degradation. Water, sanitation, education and health services are insufficiently available. Unsustainable production, consumption and over-development come at the expense of the natural environment. A climate change crisis is upon us and the health of our planet and personal wellbeing under huge stress
At the UN Sustainable Development Summit September 2015, a record of 154 heads of state or government formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that aim to end extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change. The December COP21 climate summit in Paris will equally see much intergovernmental discussion, potentially abstractedly removed from the reality of what's happening on the ground.
As attention shifts to how the SDGs can be delivered, the realisation comes that the challenges are too great and systematic for governments and NGOs alone, and the recognition that business' contribution is not only needed but pivotal for taking action at meaningful scale. While goal 8 and 12 specifically address tourism, there has been much talk of how tourism encompasses all the SDGs, and how the 1 billion tourists' actions offer 1 billion opportunities to make 1 big impact (UNWTO). But questions still remain on how to deliver these global policies with on-the-ground actors and actions, improving global sustainability whilst the industry is targeted to growing tourism in volume?
Matching policy to practicalities, sustainable tourism doesn't just offer an opportunity to implement, transform, communicate and realise the SDGs, but the SDGs offer sustainable tourism an opportunity. One challenge is the fragmentation of the industry with its global small scale enterprises, and how to link them through coordinated action to deliver common goals, to mainstream and deliver the SDGs.
One solution became apparent at The Long Run's annual members meeting.
The workshop convened in Costa Rica brought together stakeholders including the Vice President and acting Head of State, the tourism ministry, industry players and nature-based tourism entrepreneurs, along with the international network's founder and businessman Jochen Zeitz. Zeitz, as previous CEO of Puma and now Sustainability Director of Kering brought environmental profit and loss reporting to both, owns Segera Retreat in Kenya, is a director of Wilderness Safaris, co-founder of The B Team with Richard Branson and is soon to open the Museum of Contemporary African Art (MOCAA) in Cape Town.
As respected in the business and tourism worlds as sustainability and culture, it's easy to see how his interests led to his philosophy and framework of sustainability called the "4Cs": a holistic balance of Conservation, Community, Culture and Commerce, upon which The Long Run's work is based.
The Long Run is the independent not-for profit member organisation of global nature-based tourism businesses he founded and chairs, a platform to network, share knowledge and best practice, supporting each member's unique journey of continuous improvement in sustainability, focused around the 4Cs and embodied in the Global Ecosphere Retreats® (GER) Standard that fuels continued excellence. In this, 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts' for The Long Run.
The growing human population is putting the remaining natural areas of the world under enormous pressure and the only realistic option to save these areas for posterity is to sustainably use them for generating economic benefits that would ward off their destruction through irresponsible and exploitative uses: The Long Run seeks to break the vicious circle of human deprivation and environmental degradation by leveraging the power of enterprise.
Members demonstrate sustainable business practices and related innovations in commercially viable operations providing jobs and driving local economies, and here is witnessed sustainable development through tourism at work in staggering numbers: Last year, together, the members invested more than USD 5 million in community development, supporting half a million people from 54 cultures and 2700 jobs in 58 towns and villages. In nature, upon which so much of tourism depends, 5 million acres were directly supported for biodiversity conservation in total, in addition to 7.6 million indirectly, providing habitat for 18,000 species aggregated, 680 of those endangered
Ride hailing app Uber has updated its business travel program, allowing road warriors to separate business and personal trips.
'Business Profiles' lets users switch between leisure and business trips without logging in and out of the Uber app.
According to Greg Greiner, lead product development of Uber for Business, the added feature will help reduce instances of travelers fraudulently claiming expenses on personal trips as businesses can view the routes taken by employees.
The company is also launching a new way to pay.
In a departure from its strict policy of credit cards only, businesses will soon be able to pay monthly by bank transfer.
The method has already been trialed with major accounts Evernote and Deutsche Bank.
Uber for Business has signed up more than 50,000 companies since launching last year and the company claims the service helps firms save about $1,000 per employee a year despite not offering corporate discounts.
Uber for Business lets companies export all trip data to other business travel applications like Concur and set their own mandatory travel policies.
Another travel management firm Certify recently said in a report Uber had overtaken conventional taxis as the preferred choice for ground transportation for business travelers, amassing 55% of total receipts compared with 43% for taxi services.
Pilot response a factor in AirAsia crash
The actions of pilots contributed to the crash of an AirAsia jet in Indonesia last year, the first official incident report says.
The Airbus A320-200 had a faulty rudder system which ultimately caused the crash, but it also found that the crew response was in part to blame.
The system that helps control the rudders had cracked soldering, said the National Transportation Safety Committee, which caused it to send repeated warning messages to the pilots.
When they received the fourth warning alert they responded by re-setting the system, which caused the autopilot to disengage and as a result they lost control of the aircraft.
The AirAsia plane was 40 minutes into the flight from Surabaya in Indonesia n rout to Singapore when it lost contact with air traffic control.
It had earlier requested permission to climb from 32,000 feet to 38,000 feet to avoid storm clouds, but it was refused due to heavy traffic in the area.
The AirAsia plane was flying at a lower altitude than all the surrounding aircraft, but the report said bad weather wasn't a contributory factor in the crash.
The report said it crashed after climbing sharply, then stalling. French co-pilot Remi Plesel was at the controls at the time, rather than the more experienced Captain Iriyanto.
Wreckage and bodies were found around 10 miles from the plane's last known co-ordinates, but only 106 bodies were eventually recovered from the sea with the rest remaining unaccounted for.
The report found that the Rudder Travel Limiter had suffered 23 separate problems in the12 months prior to the crash, according to the aircraft's maintenance records.
First China-made commercial jet to enter service
China's first ever home grown jetliner is almost ready to start flying commercially after Chengdu Airlines took delivery of the first of 30 new ARJ21 jets.
Dubbed the 'Flying Phoenix,' the ARJ21 will continue trials for the next three months before commercial service, the plane's maker, state-owned Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) said.
The ARJ21 regional jet has a range of about 2200km and can accommodate up to 90 passengers.
Although a landmark has been achieved after nearly a decade of delays, it is unlikely to put a dent in the order books of giants Boeing and Airbus for some time yet.
Chengdu Airlines said it will fly its first five ARJ21s on seven domestic routes from Chengdu to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xi'an, Nanjing and Guiyang.
COMAC, which has a 48% stake in Chengdu Airlines, said it has received orders for 278 ARJ21 jets so far.
Compulsory travel insurance plan mooted for Phuket travellers
The issue of rising costs of unpaid medical bills by tourists in Phuket has been raised again at a recent meeting, and Phuket's governor has vowed to push for mandatory travel insurance for all visitors.
"If a tourist is not covered by insurance in their home country, they are setting themselves up for a difficult situation if they get injured while on holiday here," said governor Chamroen Tipayapongtada.
"This is a very important issue, which I will raise with the ministry of foreign affairs and the ministry of tourism and sports."
A number of initiatives have been launched to combat the problem in recent years, such as Thailand Travel Shield, a special online insurance scheme backed by the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT).
Other schemes which never took off included a THB500 levy for all arriving tourists in Thailand, which would have been used to pay off outstanding bills.
However governor Chamroen favours a rule requiring all tourists entering Thailand by air to have their own insurance.
"We need to have better coordination with the country of departure. Perhaps asking airlines to include insurance for foreigners booking tickets to Thailand would simplify the process. You would end up paying more, but you could save yourself form serious financial trouble," Chamroen said.
"Though making such changes is above my authority, I will do my best as the governor of Phuket to drive any necessary changes forward."
HI Flying - Air Ambulance International has been evacuating women as patients from Myanmar for a number of avoidable Pregnancy and Abortion related services to centers in India for lifesaving treatment.
PIH - Pregnancy induced hypertension is the commonest pregnancy related complication which triggers eclampsia and patient need treatment at higher centers for lifesaving situations.
Complications following illegally induced abortions have been recognized as an important cause of mortality and morbidity in Myanmar. Based on a review of various studies, and comparing data from the 1970s and 1980s with data since 1990, this paper presents anoverview of the problem of induced abortion in Myanmar. Maternal deaths have decreased dramatically since the 1970s in relation to pregnancy and childbirth, but remain very high for abortion complications. The causes of abortion-related deaths have changed very little. A majority of the women in all studies were married, had one or more children and belonged to low income groups. Women were aware of the risks of clandestine abortion but contraceptive prevalence in Myanmar is only 34 percent in urban areas 10 percent in rural areas, and the contraceptive failure rate among women using a method is high. Women's experience and perceptions of abortion are also described. Information and counselling as well as better access to effective contraception could help to reduce abortion-related morbidity and mortality.IN Myanmar, where the majority of the population is Buddhist, the issue ofinduced abortion is very sensitive. Buddhism contains a code of ethics based on five precepts, the first of which is to avoid killing or harming life. Induced abortion is therefore widely perceived as being against religious beliefs.
Further,abortion is also not permitted by law. The penalty for providing an induced abortion is either a three-year jail sentence or a fine,or both.