The Ottoman Empire, also referred as Turkish Empire, was one of the most powerful empires in sixteenth and seventeenth century, therefore, its decline becomes not only historically, but analytically also a great event for debate, concern and study.
The rise of Ottoman Empire can be characterized as the shift in power from Christian Society to an Islamic control after the Byzantine-Ottoman Wars during fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Ottoman Empire overshadowed the former influence of Muslim empires; their cultural and military force expansion reached deep into Europe.
With effective military campaigns and political collaborations the empire continued to expand its influence, and by the end of sixteenth century, its territory of 32 provinces and several vassal states absorbed a vast region around the Mediterranean Basin-the South-eastern Europe, Arab Middle East, Western Asia, Caucasus, Egypt and North Africa. Due to its size and geographical position, for over six centuries the Ottoman Empire was the epicenter of communications between Eastern and Western parts of the world.
During eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it suffered the loss of several wars, which resulted into reorganization of the ruling structure within and power went into the hands of incapable and corrupt government, and political and economic competition from the neighboring European countries began to grow. There are various factors leading to the decline of Ottoman Empire; broadly they can be categorized into two: Internal and External factors.
An Article by our Turkish Doctor who works as a Medical escort for HI Flying Aviation - Air Ambulance International.