Hollande’s declaration was a significant step for France, because of the law’s ugly origins. When the Algerian people rose up in October 1954 in its war for independence (the country had been a French colony), it was treated as a civil war by French authorities. This led to the creation of a law in 1955 to create a state of emergency. Most of the times it was used were during the seven years of that war.
Some of the conditions of the current state of emergency:
- Public gatherings have been banned in Paris until 19 November, Le Monde reported.
- Local governments can impose a curfew
- Border controls – which nominally do not exist between countries within the Schengen zone of the EU – will be in effect.
- Local police are also able to search houses without a warrant
- One provision allows for the state – if it issues an additional decree – to “control” the press. “It is not clear whether this provision has ever been used other than to seize Algerian newspapers in 1955, or precisely what it allows for,”